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Journal of
eISSN: 2373-4426

Pediatrics & Neonatal Care

Editorial Volume 13 Issue 3

Adolescents health issues in India 

Mary Anbarasi Johnson

Professor and Head, Pediatric nursing department, College of nursing CMC Vellore, India

Correspondence: Dr. Mary Anbarasi Johnson, Professor and Head, Pediatric nursing department, College of Nursing CMC Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India, Tel 8903461145

Received: September 08, 2023 | Published: September 11, 2023

Citation: Johnson MA. Adolescents health issues in India. J Pediatr Neonatal Care. 2023;13(3):167. DOI: 10.15406/jpnc.2023.13.00510

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Adolescents are neither miniature adults nor actual adults; they are individuals with lot of demand as well potentials. They face identity crisis during this stage of growth and development and hence need to be guided well by the significant members in the family, schools and community.

Adolescent health issues encompass a wide range of physical, mental, and social challenges that individuals typically face during the transition from childhood to adulthood, usually between the ages of 10 and 19. These issues can significantly impact their well-being, development, and future quality of life. Here are some common adolescent health issues:

Mental health: Adolescents may experience various mental health issues such as depression, anxiety, eating disorders, self-harm, and suicidal thoughts. Stress related to academic pressure, peer relationships, and body image can contribute to these problems.

Substance abuse: Experimentation with drugs and alcohol is common during adolescence, which can lead to substance abuse and addiction. This poses serious health risks and can have long-term consequences.

Sexual health: Adolescents often face issues related to sexual health, including unplanned pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and the need for education about safe sex practices and contraception.

Nutrition and eating disorders: Unhealthy eating habits, such as excessive dieting, overeating, or engaging in restrictive behaviors, can lead to eating disorders like anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or binge-eating disorder.

Obesity: Rising rates of obesity among adolescents can lead to various health problems, including diabetes, heart disease, and musculoskeletal issues. Poor diet and lack of physical activity are key contributors.

Violence and injury: Adolescents can be at risk for accidents, injuries, and violence, including bullying, dating violence, and physical fights. These incidents can have both immediate and long-term health consequences.

Sexual and gender identity: Adolescents may struggle with issues related to their sexual orientation or gender identity, which can lead to discrimination, stigma, and mental health challenges.

Peer pressure and risky behavior: Adolescents are often influenced by their peers and may engage in risky behaviors such as smoking, substance use, and unsafe sexual practices due to peer pressure.

Bullying and cyberbullying: Bullying, both in person and online, can have severe emotional and psychological effects on adolescents, leading to anxiety, depression, and even suicidal thoughts.

Chronic health conditions: Some adolescents live with chronic health conditions like asthma, diabetes, or epilepsy, which require ongoing management and can impact their daily lives.

Academic pressure: High academic expectations and performance pressure can lead to stress, anxiety, and burnout among adolescents, affecting their overall well-being.

Technology and screen time: Excessive screen time, especially with smartphones and social media, can lead to issues like sleep disturbances, decreased physical activity, and mental health problems.

Peer relationships and social isolation: Adolescents may struggle with forming and maintaining friendships and romantic relationships, which can affect their social and emotional development.

It's important to note that adolescents are a diverse group, and the specific health issues they face can vary widely based on factors such as culture, socioeconomic status, and individual circumstances. Early intervention, open communication with trusted adults, access to healthcare, and comprehensive education programs are crucial in addressing these adolescent health issues and promoting positive development.


The adolescent have lot of potentials, they also have lot of challenges. If they are directed well and guided adequately, their potentials can be utilized and they will become healthy and fruitful citizens of the country. Every adult, the parents, teachers, community leaders etc need to pay much attention to the needs and demands of adolescents.





Conflicts of interest

Author declares that there is no conflict of interest.

Creative Commons Attribution License

©2023 Johnson. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.