IPMRJ

International Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Journal
Opinion
Volume 1 Issue 2 - 2017
Comparative Study of the Acute Effects of Two Ways of Myofascia Release on Biceps Femoris and Semitendinosus Muscles After a Romanian Deadlift Exercise
Suarez Rodriguez Vidina and Rodriguez Ruiz David*
Department of Physical Education, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
Received: May 26, 2017 | Published: June 02, 2017
*Corresponding author: Rodriguez Ruiz David, Department of Physical Education, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC), Spain, Email:
Citation: Vidina SR, David RR (2017) Comparative Study of the Acute Effects of Two Ways of Myofascia Release on Biceps Femoris and Semitendinosus Muscles After a Romanian Deadlift Exercise. Int Phys Med Rehab J 1(2): 00011. DOI: 10.15406/ipmrj.2017.01.00011

Opinion

As therapists we are used to have clinical evidence of health improvement after Myofascial release therapy. Nevertheless, the scientific evidence of the application of the myofascial release therapy is scarce [1-6]. Since is complicated to objectify the effects of the therapy and there are different ways to apply it. Nowadays, there are also a numerous ways with different tools to self-release the myofascia after physical exercise that have not been proven enough to be effective. Therefore, in order to know more about the effectiveness of this applications and using our experience with the Tesiomyography to evaluate the mechanical characteristics of the muscles through a transversal electrical stimulus and all that is known about the physiological characteristics of the fascia.

The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of the use of the Roller Foam and Crossed Hands Technique (Myofascial Therapy) on the mechanical characteristics of bíceps femoris (BF) and semitendinosus (ST) muscles of the dominant leg son after a Romanian deadlift exercise.

Thirty-four (n=34) subjects (age: 24.52±3.12 years old) students of Physical Education of the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria were evaluated. They were divided into three groups: Roller Foam Group (RG, n=10); Crossed Hands Technique Group (CHG, n=15) and Control Group (CG, n=9). The Tensiomyography (TMG) were used to evaluate the mechanical characteristics of the bíceps femoris and Semitendinosus muscles. Specifically, the Radial Displacement of the muscles’ bellies (Dm) and Contraction Time (Tc) were measured. The measures were taken: in basal conditions; after a 5 min of continuous run (8 km/h) warming up; after a Romanian dead lift with growing loads of the 1RM: (50%/15 reps, 60%/10reps, 70%/8reps, 80%/6reps, 90%/3reps), with 2min rest between each load set; five and ten minutes after the exercise. The myofascial release applications were just after the first five minutes of rest (Figure 1).

Figure 1: Protocol process.

Statistically significant differences (p≤0.05) were found for Dm in the ST of the CHG. Those differences were kept during the whole rest time. This recovery also was registered in the CG for the first 5 min rest (p≤0.05), but not in the last 5 min rest. And RG did not experienced any significant difference. On the other hand, none of the groups got significant changes in BF. However, for Tc only the GM could come back to the basal values during the recovering process for both muscles, both after 5 min and after 10 min (Figure 2).

Figure 2: Mean on the mechanical parameters (máximum muscle belly radial displacement – Dm and contraction time - Tc) of the muscles (BF and ST) along all the protocol for different groups.

Considering collagen as the main component of the facial tissue is important that it has an appropriate orientation of its fibres. This orientation depends on the suitable pressure and movement. If they are not suitable, pathological cross-linking starts to form, this increases tissue’s thickness and decreases movement. Therefore, movement is essential for the correct orientation of the collagen fibres and to prevent retractions and adherences of the tissue. Main fascial tissue’s properties are tensegrity, balance between tension and compression-; and piezoelectricity, -difference of voltage caused by the muscular stretching which compress the facial tissue. This tissue has an integrated electronic network. If this network is kept correctly, facial characteristics- elasticity, flexibility, elongation and resistance- are kept. [7].

When there is a trauma in the facial tissue such as muscular fatigue, movement is not enough to facilitate the recovery. Therefore, therapy is necessary. Myofascial Therapy has various forms of application. One of them, is crossed hands technique. We use the hands to apply some amount of pressure and compression to the tissue in order to harmonize the imbalances between compression and tension. And to recover the normal biological electric currents.

The results got in the CHG agree well with Haas et al. [8,9] and Crawford et al. [10] in their work on rabbit’s musculature after an eccentric exercise, causing greater reduction in neutrophil and macrophage infiltration of the exercised muscle, increasing recovery of mechanical properties and showed histological evidence.

On the other hand, individual differences and self-application of the Roller Foam may have influenced the results, as Beardsley & Skarabot [3] and Cheatham et al. [4] suggest in their respective revisions. Still, research about the use of Roller Foam in muscular recovery is aimed in the disappearance of the acute muscular pain or after various times [11-13], which increases arterial function [14,15], through cortisol level’s modulation [16].

With these results, we can conclude that in our study the muscular recovery is better after the application of the crossed hands technique.

References

  1. Couture G, Karlik D, Glass SC, Hatzel BM (2014) The Effect of Foam Rolling Duration on Hamstring Range of Motion. The Open Orthop J 2(9): 450-455.
  2.   Healey KC, Hatfield DL, Blanpied P, Dorfman LR, Riebe D (2014) The effects of myofascial release with foam rolling on performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 28(1): 61-68.
  3. Cheatham SW, Kolber MJ, Cain M, Lee M (2015) The effects of self‐myofascial release using a foam roll or roller massager on joint range of motion, muscle recovery, and performance: a systematic review. Int J Sports Phys Ther 10(6): 827-838.
  4. Beardsley C, Skarabot J (2015) Effects of self-myofascial release: A systematic review. J Bodyw Mov Ther 19(4): 747-758.
  5. Schroeder AN, Best TM (2015) Is self myofascial release an effective preexercise and recovery strategy? A literatura review. Current Sports Medicine Reports 14(3): 200-208.
  6. DeBruyne DM, Dewhurst MM, Fischer KM, Wojtanowski MS, Dural C (2016) Self-Mobilization Using a Foam Roller Versus a Roller-Massager: Which is More Effective for Increasing Hamstrings Flexibility? J Sport Reh 26(1): 94-100.
  7. Pilat A (2003) Terapias miofasciales: Inducción miofascial. Aspectos teóricos y aplicaciones clínicas. Madrid: McGraw-Hill-Interamericana.
  8. Haas C, Butterfield TA, Abshire S, Zhao Y, Zhang X, et al. (2013) Massage timing affects post exercise muscle recovery and inflammation in a rabbit model. Med Sci Sports Exerc 45(6): 1105-1112.
  9. Haas C, Butterfield TA, Zhao Y, Zhang X, Jarjoura D (2013) Dose-dependency of massage-like compressive loading on recovery of active muscle properties following eccentric exercise: rabbit study with clinical relevance. British Journal of Sports Medicine 47(2): 83-88.
  10.   Crawford SK, Haas C, Butterfield TA, Wang Q, Zhang X, et al. (2014) Effects of immediate vs. Delayed massage-like loading on skeletal muscle viscoelastic properties following eccentric exercise. Clin Biomech 29(6): 671-678.
  11. MacDonald GZ, Button DC, Drinkwater EJ, Behm DG (2014) Foam rolling as a recovery tool after an intense bout of Physical activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc 46(1): 131-142.
  12. Jay K, Sundstrup E, Sondergaard S.D, Behm D, Brandt M, et al. (2014) Specific and crossover effects of massage for muscle soreness: randomized controlled trial. Int J Sports Phys Ther 9(1): 82-91.
  13. Pearcey GEP, Bradbury-Squires DJ, Kawamoto JE, Behm DG, Button DC, et al. (2015) Foam Rolling for Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness and Recovery of Dynamic Performance Measures. J Athl Train 50(1): 5-13.
  14. Arroyo-Morales M, Olea N, Martinez M, Moreno-Lorenzo C, Díaz-Rodríguez L, et al. (2008) Effects of myofascial release after high-intensity exercise: a randomized clinical trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 31(3): 217-223.
  15. Okamoto T, Masuhara M, Ikuta K (2014) Acute effects of self-myofascial release using a foam roller on arterial function. J Strength Cond Res 28(1): 69-73.
  16. Kim K, Park S, Goo B, Choi S (2014) Effect of self-myofascial release on reduction of physical stress: a pilot study. J Phys Ther Sci 26(11): 1779-1781.
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