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Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 3

Towards better internet bandwidth subscription in plateau state university

Datukun Kalamba Aristarkus,1 Sellappan Palaniappan2

1Plateau State University Bokkos, Nigeria
2Malaysian University of Science and Technology, Malaysiaa

Correspondence: Datukun Kalamba Aristarkus, Plateau State University Bokkos, Nigeria

Received: February 26, 2018 | Published: June 22, 2018

Citation: Aristarkus DK, Palaniappan S. Towards better internet bandwidth subscription in plateau state university. MOJ Proteomics Bioinform. 2018;7(3):191-193. DOI: 10.15406/mojpb.2018.07.00232

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Subscription of internet bandwidth for a public University’s use is always faced with challenges of questions raised by the management and users. Such questions of which could be on why a slow internet speed and why extra money would have to be spent for better bandwidth subscription before experiencing improved internet speed. This research was necessitated by the urgent need to subscribe for a better Internet bandwidth compared to the current one on the network of Plateau State University Bokkos (PSU). In this paper we investigate the existing bandwidth on the network by interviewing the technical Staff on the history of bandwidth subscription and their respective Internet Service Providers (ISPs). This is to find out what service was subscribed for and from which ISP. Also comparing their services for better technical recommendation. Salem University Lokoja (SUL) was also investigated for comparative analysis, towards better recommendation. From the comparative analysis, services from some ISPs where better than others. Based on interview results and analysis, some observations were made and recommendation for ISPs and bandwidth was made also. The results of this study showed that some of the ISPs’ bandwidth provision was good and cost-effective. Hence, Plateau State University needs to opt out of free services that could not deliver, for a cost-effective service that can provide improved learning and research.

Keywords: internet service, bandwidth subscription, isps, teleconsulting


The abundance of Internet bandwidth of a Local Area Network (LAN), in Gigabit/sec, with minimal latency (less than 1ms) and also, if the packets drop rate was minimized, makes the throughput to be relatively high. When a number of users become far higher than the available bandwidth, latency, delay in traffic delivery becomes unavoidable. In this case the applications are fast with the performance regarded as good,1 with low latency. It is important to investigate if there has been better bandwidth subscribed for and also if the ISPs have been better ones. Internet service problems2 could be emanating from the quality of Internet bandwidth and also the trust-worthiness of the ISPs. Studying the effect of quality bandwidth and reliable ISPs, which has impact on the performance of the network3 is necessary in this study.

Literature review

To determine ways to achieve maximum throughput while delivering services to distant end-users at the same level of efficiency similar to those that exists closer to a typical LAN’s4 in terms of Internet service delivery, available bandwidth and ISP must be reliable. The major cause of network degradation is when the workload equates to or became greater than the channel capacity, leading to congestion across the LAN, which results to bottleneck5 in the rate of delivery of Internet Service. Data transfer time6 can be high depending on the quality of bandwidth and ISP.

In 2009 alone, Nigerian banks achieved up to 30percent cost savings, Manufacturing Companies 25percent and Schools about 20percent cost saving on WAN recurrent costs through bandwidth optimization and management.7 This paper looked at the history of bandwidth subscriptions, comparing two Universities for dictating various subscriptions and their ISPs. What caused network bottleneck in a network8 is worth investigating the quality of subscribed bandwidth and ISP. The world of telecommunications has changed dramatically as a result of the rapid expansion of the Internet.9 Before the advent of ICTs, University Libraries were using manual service systems for a variety of reasons; adequacy in storage, access and retrieval of massive volume of information.10

Optimum load for a given LAN link carrying voice, video and data traffic Miroslaw et al.,11 is ideal of a University Campus. Simulating the LAN network under different load conditions and extracted network performance statistic from real time network statistic for further analysis to show the effect of latency, jitter, packet drop, number of clients and limited bandwidth on the quality of service of applications running across the LAN12 could also be useful. But, the quality of service (QoS), Internet Service in particular is being much concerned with in terms of the quality of service and reliability of ISPs.


It is important to provide a platform for quality in bandwidth subscription for University use. Thus, the bandwidth subscription of the University’s Internet was examined by carrying out a survey, interviewing the technical Staff for the bandwidth subscription trend. This is to verify the quality of bandwidth subscription and ISPs’ reliability. Recommendation for better bandwidth subscription, based on the analysis results as part of the conclusion of the research will be given.


The results of this survey are tabulated and further graph-plotted as below (Table 1) (Table 2) (Figures 1-4).


Bandwidth (U/D)



Monthly cost (N)

Reason for change

Service remark

DOPC through Maxfront





Rose from 300,000 to 500,000 plus

Very good

DOPC- Maxfront





High failure during raining season

Good with normal weather

Sky-Vision through Bologi

128kbps/256 & 384/512-dedicated




Depreciated service


Lightening Networks



October,2010-December 2010


Never enjoyed service

Very poor service

Vodacom (Gateway)

512kbps/1meg- dedicated


June 2011-2012


Costly to maintain

Very good






Costly to maintain

Very good






Serves only 10 users (average) per time out of hundreds of users


Table 1 History of bandwidth internet subscription in salem university


Bandwidth (U/D)



Monthly cost (N)

Reason for change

Service remark

NCC-Government Agency


VSAT: C-band



No change yet

Very poor

Table 2 History of bandwidth internet subscription in plateau state university

Figure 1 bandwidth used by Universities.

Figure 2 Bandwidth bar chart.

Figure 3 Highest bandwidth cost.

Figure 4 Comparing cost of bandwidth and quality of service.


The history of internet subscriptions covers only for two Universities, PSU and SUL in particular. Table 1 show that of SUL, which is more detailed and varying while that of PSU in Table 2 shows a kind of unprogressive subscription. From the two Tables, we will see that C-band was used by the two Universities, Ku band and Ka by SUL. We will observe that PSU has been on a very low bandwidth (128Kbps), which has even been shared. But, that of SUL has been changing, whose highest one was 512/1Meg on C-band, giving them the best service, carrying more users, among all their subscriptions. 512Kbps was for upload whereas 1meg for download accordingly.

Figure 1 shows that the PSU had the lowest bandwidth of the internet bandwidth, which have even been free (from NCC, a Government Agency). We understand from experience that as users increases, the load on the network increases and as the load on a network increases, speed reduces due to congestion. Therefore, bandwidth is a considerable factor in ascertaining the performance of a network. Here, we say that throughput is an integral part of bandwidth as bandwidth corresponds to entire capacity and through a rate transmissible.

Figure 2 described the fact that SUL bandwidth highest upload was about 512Kbps, which is reflected in Table 1. Noting also from Table 1 that the download is higher, which is 1Mbps. The bandwidth of PSU is just about 128 as reflected in Table 2 as both the download and upload alike. We will therefore note that what PSU uses as both Up and down load is not even up to that of SUL’s highest download so far.

Considering Figure 3, we will see that each of the ISPs had their cost of bandwidth, ranging from 200,000 naira to 600,000 naira. Some were found to be costly while others cheep. The free service used by PSU have not been good for learning and research, better of which is that of SUL. Despite the fact that SUL has more bandwidth and spent more on subscriptions, it still scouts for more, seeking cost effectiveness. Figure 4 explains that some of the services were expensive but still good enough to go with provided afforded to be maintained. Some were cheaper, yet with still good service compare to some of the expensive ones that may not be too good.


From the analysis of our data so far, SUL have always had better bandwidth, but kept changing subscription to gain better service at a manageable rate. This is might have helped them to know which ISP is better in terms of service delivery. We saw from our analysis that the free bandwidth used by PSU has delivered no reasonable service to the users. Also, Table 1 & Figure 4 tells us that a good service may not necessarily be expensive. Hence the need for Plateau State University to opt out of free service by subscribing an affordable service, a cost-effective one, for better academic and other use in the system is necessary. Better internet bandwidth would further help the university get remote medical consulting (teleconsulting) for teaching and treatments on video conferencing.



Conflict of interest

Author declares that there is no conflict of interest.


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