MOJ eISSN: 2374-6920 MOJPB

Proteomics & Bioinformatics
Proceeding
Volume 3 Issue 1

Determination of minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antibacterial agents for bacteria isolated from malva
Adham Nayef
Department of biotechnology, philadelphia university, Jordan
Received: December 13, 2015 | Published: January 19, 2016

Correspondence: Adham Nayef, philadelphia university, Bachelor’s degree, biotechnology and genetic engineering, Jordan, Tel 00962798892896, Email

Citation: Nayef A. Determination of minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antibacterial agents for bacteria isolated from malva. MOJ Proteomics Bioinform. 2016;3(1):7‒9. DOI: 10.15406/mojpb.2016.03.00072

Introduction

  1. Many bacteria, in particular, have unpredictable susceptibilities to antimicrobial agents, and their susceptibilities can be measured in vitro to help guide the selection of the most appropriate antimicrobial agent.

Susceptibility to antibiotics

  1. The term susceptible means that the microorganism is inhibited by a concentration of the antimicrobial agent.
  2. The term resistant indicates that the microorganism is resistant to a concentrations of the antimicrobial agent.

The aim of this project

  1. To determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations [MICs] of antimicrobial agents.
  2. And to identify the microorganisms that are susceptible or resistance to the antibiotics.

Antimicrobial susceptibility tests

Minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC]

  1. The lowest concentration of antimicrobial agents that will inhibit the visible growth of a microorganism. Widely used in the comparative testing of new agents.

Dilution methods (agar dilution or broth dilution)

  1. Used to determine the [MICs] and are the reference methods for antimicrobial susceptibility testing.

Agar dilution test

  1. Is the standard method for determining levels of microbial resistance to an antimicrobial agent.
  2. Serial dilutions of the test agent are made in a agar microbial growth medium which is inoculated with a few amount of microorganisms and incubated for a prescribed time.
  3. The lowest concentration (highest dilution) of test agent preventing the appearance of growth is considered to be the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC).

Materials used

  1. Different enrichment and selective medium.
  2. Culture.
  3. Subculture.
  4. MIC test.

MIC medium

  1. Clear choice for a reference medium remains to be determined,
    1. Nutrient agar/broth: used for the cultivation of a wide variety of microorganisms.
    2. Brain-Heart Infusion agar
    3. Mueller-Hinton ll agar
  2. Media for Bacterial identification
    1. EMB agar.
    2. MacConkey agar.
    3. Triple Sugar Iron agar.
    4. Nutrient agar/broth.

Antimicrobial agents tested (Figure 1–Figure 4)

  1. Lincomycin.
  2. Cefaclor.
  3. Ampicillin.
  4. Gentamicin.

Figure 1 Increase the concentration of Lincomycin.

Antimicrobial agents Tested

Figure 2 Increase the concentration of Cefaclor in Muller-Hinton II agar.

Figure 3 Increase the concentration of Ampicillin in Muller-Hinton II agar.

Figure 4 Increase the concentration of Gentamycin Muller-Hinton II agar.

Discussion

Identification: matching characteristics of an unknown to lists of known organisms.

  1. Several culture and subculture for the bacterial samples done to reduce the number of bacterial colonies that have been isolated.
  2. Three different types of media used for identification, (EMB agar, Triple Sugar Iron agar, and MacConkey agar).
  3. For each sample, the three different types of media showed the same result (same species, which is identified by the morphology).

Result

  1. Bacterial isolates identification
  2. Bioinformatics, Computational Methods (Table 1-Table 3).

Table 1 Bacterial isolates identification

Table 2 Bacterial isolates identification

Table 3 Bacterial isolates identification

Discussion

  1. Lincomycin, generally considered a bactericidal antibiotic, for these bacteria, the MIC was at dilution (512mg), but also there are three different types of bacteria which resists the Lincomycin at the same dilution (512), these bacteria are (Shigella flexneri, Proteus mirabilis, and Proteus vulgaris).
  2. Cefaclor and Gentamicin, generally considered a bactericidal antibiotics, for these bacteria, the MIC was at dilution (64mg), which means that all the bacterial samples are sensitive to these types of antibiotics at their different concentrations (Cefaclor and Gentamicin).1–8

Acknowledgements

None.

Conflict of interest

The author declares no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Ericsson H, Sherris JC. Antibiotic sensitivity testing. Report of an international collaborative study. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand B Microbiol Immunol. 1971;217(suppl):1.
  2. Committee of the Antimicrobial society Franc, Microbiology comfortable. Technical recommendations for in vitro susceptibility testing. Clin Microbiol Infect. 1996;2(suppl 1): S11–S25.
  3. Deutsches Institut fu«r Normung. Methods for the determination of susceptibility of pathogens (except mycobacteria) to antimicrobial agents: MIC breakpoints of antibacterial agents. Berlin: DIN; 1998. p. 58940–58944
  4. Bergan T, Bruun JN, Digranes A, et al. Susceptibility testing of bacteria and fungi. Report from the Norwegian Working Group on Antibiotics. Scand J Infect Dis Suppl. 1997;103:1–36.
  5. Olsson LB, Larsson P, Walder M, et al. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing in Sweden III. Methodology for susceptibility testing. Scand J Infect Di. 1997;105(suppl): 13–23.
  6. BSAC Working Party. A guide to sensitivity testing. Report of the Working Party on Antibiotic Sensitivity Testing of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. J Antimicrob Chemother. 1991;27(suppl D):1–50.
  7. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. Methods for dilution antimicrobial susceptibility tests for bacteria that growaerobically. 5th ed. Approved Standard M7–A5. USA: NCCLS; 2000.
  8. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. Protocols for evaluating dehydrated Mueller–Hinton agar. Approved Standard M6– A. USA: NCCLS; 1996.
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