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Diabetes, Metabolic Disorders & Control

Case Report Volume 5 Issue 5

Ayurveda for hypertriglyceridemia: a case report

Barve Vaibhavi Shridhar

Ayurveda clinic in Goa, India

Correspondence: Barve Vaibhavi Shridhar, ayurveda clinic in Goa, India, Tel +91 8975179559

Received: June 18, 2018 | Published: September 10, 2018

Citation: Shridhar BV. Ayurveda for hypertriglyceridemia: a case report. J Diabetes Metab Disord Control. 2018;5(5):155-156. DOI: 10.15406/jdmdc.2018.05.00156

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Background: Cardiovascular disease is one of the major concerns in medical fraternity today and dyslipidemia has been found to be an important associating factor. With the inclination of world towards herbal treatments as a promising tool to combat dyslipidemia, Ayurveda proves to be a time tested formula with research studies acknowledging its efficacy. To be more specific with the treatment protocols, efficacy of Ayurveda medicines in treating hyper-triglyceridemia has been evaluated in current case report.

Clinical features: Patient with age 50yrs, male, working as an accountant with private firm, was diagnosed with hyper-cholesterolmia about 3-4 years before presenting himself for Ayurveda treatment. He had not responded convincingly to earlier conventional treatment and his increased triglycerides levels failed to decrease although total cholesterol had declined.

Intervention and Outcome: Patient was treated for about six months with Ayurveda formulae Phalatrikadi guggul, Arogyavardhini Vati and Trifala tablet. Lipid profile levels were tested using venous blood sample obtained after 12 hours of fasting and plasma concentration of triglycerides was assessed by spectrophotometry method, enzymatic endpoint. After the said treatment, triglycerides dropped from 187mg/dl at beginning of treatment to 150mg/dl after two months of treatment and further dropped down to 130mg/dl even after tapering dose and remained stable between 130-150mg/dl even without medication over next six months.

Conclusion: This case report can be used as a pointer to state that Ayurveda treatment can be an effective tool for reduction of hyper-triglyceridemia. Further standardized trials are required on larger scale to demonstrate its efficacy and understand the mechanism.

Keywords: ayurveda, hypertriglyceridemia, arogyavardhini, phalatrikadi guggulu


TGL,Triglycerides; LDL, Low Density Lipoproteins; HDL, High Density Lipoproteins


Ayurveda has been practiced in India for about last 5000 yrs. Aim of Ayurveda is to balance the five elements in body through diet, herbs, cleansing procedures and Yoga. Thus, it acts at mental as well as physical level. Hyperlipidemia has been recognized as an impending risk factor for diseases like the metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, and hypertension. It has been defined as the presence of raised or abnormal levels of lipids and/or lipoproteins in the blood.1 globally, raised cholesterol is estimated to be responsible for 18% of cerebrovascular disease and 56% of ischemic heart disease. Overall, these diseases accounts for about 4.4 million deaths (7.9% of the total) and 40.4 million disability adjusted life years (DALYs) (2.8% of the total.2 With advent of newer dimensions in medical field, a need for safe and effective treatment options is on rise.

Case presentation

Patient with age 50yrs, male, working as an accountant with private firm, was diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia about 3-4 years before presenting himself for Ayurveda treatment. He had not responded convincingly to earlier conventional treatment and his triglycerides levels failed to decrease although total cholesterol had declined. Symptoms included dyspnea on exertion, fatigue, occasional neck pain due to office workload. Bowel habits were irregular and had frequent constipation; pulse and blood pressure were within normal standard limits. No history of diabetes mellitus and no significant ailment history reported.

Intervention and outcome

Arogyavardhini Vati is a polyherbal formulation mentioned in Ayurvedic formulary.3 It consists of Terminalia chebula (Haritaki), Terminalia bellerica (Bibhitaka), Emblica officinalis (Amalaki), Asphaltum (Silajatu-Suddha), Commiphora wightii (Guggulu Shuddha), Ricinus communis (Eranda), Picrorrhiza kurroa (Katuka), leaf juice of Azadirachta indica (Nimba) and metals including Shuddha Rasa (purified mercury), Shuddha Gandhaka (purified sulfur), Lauha Bhasma (iron compound in ash form), Abhraka Bhasma (mica in ash form), and Tamra Bhasma (copper compounds in ash form). In patients with coronary heart disease, a randomized controlled trial of Terminalia arjuna and arogyavardhini demonstrated significant decrease in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol and also significant decrease in lipid peroxide,4 Safety of Arogyavardhini Vati on liver, kidney, and brain has been evaluated in earlier studies.5

Arogyavardhini was given as 250mg tablet twice a day after meals. Gurjar et al.,6 has shown that herbal treatment with trifala significantly improved the lipid profiles of the mice by lowering serum total cholesterol (Total-C), TG, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and increasing levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) as compared to the mice in the High Fat Diet group.6 Trifala mainly comprises three constituents namely, Terminalia chebula (Haritaki), Terminalia bellerica (Bibhitaka), Emblica officinalis (Amalaki).

Trifala tablet was administered in dose of one tablet of 250mg bedtime with warm water. Phalatrikadi which contains Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellerica), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Guduci (Tinospora cordifolia), Vasa (Adhatoda vasica), Kalmegha(Andrographis panniculata), Nimba (Azadirachta indica), Kutaki(Picrorrhiza kurroa) shows capacity of hepato-cellular regeneration, Cholegogue and cholertic activity, Membrane stabilizing effect, Antiviral and antioxidant effect, Molecular nutrient effect, Enzyme and metabolic corrections.7 The components of guggulu are known to have hypolipidemic effects.8 Hence for potent action phalatrikadi guggul was chosen.

Phalatrikadi guggulu was administered as 500mg tablets twice a day at 6am and 6pm. This dosage was continued for upto 2months and later it was tapered to arogyavardhini 250mg twice a day after meals, trifala tablet 250mg bedtime, and phalatrikadi guggulu 250mg twice a day at 6am and 6pm for another 3 months and investigations were repeated at 6th month from baseline. Since variables were within normal range medicine was stopped and investigations were repeated on 10th and 13th month to monitor lipid profiles without any medications.Lipid profiles were done using venous blood samples obtained after 12 hours of fasting. Plasma concentration of triglycerides was thus obtained by spectrophotometry method, enzymatic endpoint Table 1.


Total cholesterol













2 months





6 months





10 month





13 month





Table 1 Blood investigation of lipid profile of the patient

TGL-triglycerides, LDL-Low density Lipoprotein, HDL-High Density Lipoprotein Normal range for TGL: less than 150 normal, 150-199 borderline high, 200-499 High, more than equal to 500 very high.


Thus, treatment of about 6months showed notable changes in the lipid profiles, specifically in triglyceride levels reducing from 187mg/dl at baseline to 140mg/dl despite no major changes in diet and lifestyle. Furthermore, lipid profiles remained stable for next 7months even when medications were completely stopped. Simple herbal formulations helped in correcting the lipid metabolism without any reported adverse effects. Such herbs can become a promising answer in medical field of present era where drug resistance has become an issue of extreme concern. All the formulations used in current case reports have been scientifically studied earlier and are safe for administration under expert guidance.

The mechanisms by which Arogyavardhini Vati exerts the beneficial effects in hypertriglyceridemia are presently not clear. Picrorhiza kurroa, a major component Arogyavardhini Vati, has choleretic effects.9 Amla, which is another component, has HMG CoA reductase inhibitory activity.10 These inhibitory activities may explain the beneficial effects of Arogyavardhini Vati on lipid parameters. Inflammation is known to reduce HDL levels, and Arogyavardhini Vati has anti-inflammatory activity. Hence, this could be the reason for raised HDL levels.11 Management with triphala, an Ayurvedic formulation reversed the pathological changes in liver tissue and decreased the relative weight of visceral adipose fat pads and findings suggest that triphala and its constituents can counter the effects of an environment (i.e. high dietary intake of fats) and can be used potentially as anti-obesity agents with desirable lipid-profile modulating properties.6 Phalatrikadi guggulu shows capacity of hepato-cellular regeneration, Cholegogue and cholertic activity, Membrane stabilizing effect, Antiviral and antioxidant effect, Molecular nutrient effect, Enzyme and metabolic corrections.7 Mechanism of individual drug component may give specific mode of action. No conclusions can be drawn from single case study but it can definitely be a pointer towards efficacy of ayurved medicines for management of lipid disorders. It can be referred as a pilot study for conducting trial of bigger magnitude.



Conflict of interest

The author declares that there is no conflict interest.


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