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Advances in
eISSN: 2377-4290

Ophthalmology & Visual System

Case Report Volume 8 Issue 4

A right eye exophthalmia revealing an en-plaque meningioma in spheno-orbital plate: a case report

Wafae Akioud, Taoufik Alabdellaoui

Military Hospital of Instruction Mohammed V Rabat, Morocco

Correspondence: Wafae Akioud, Military Hospital of Instruction Mohammed V Rabat, Morocco

Received: June 07, 2018 | Published: August 9, 2018

Citation: Akioud W, Alabdellaoui T. A right eye exophthalmia revealing an en-plaque meningioma in spheno-orbital plate: a case report. Adv Ophthalmol Vis Syst. 2018;8(4):245-246. DOI: 10.15406/aovs.2018.08.00313

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en-plaque meningioma, exophthalmia, spheno-orbital plate, tumor


The intraossous meningioma is a variety of ectopic meningioma in which the meningo epithelial cells invade the bone wall and is responsible for hyperostosis.1 The En plaque meningioma is a variant of intraossous meningiomas and is considered to be a rare tumor occurring in most cases in the spheno orbital area.2,3 We report a clinical case of an en-plaque meningioma in spheno orbital plate of the right eye.

Clinical case

Mrs F. a 39 years old patient with a medical history of hypertension treated with beta blocker and of a type 2 diabetes treated with oral medication. She is referred to our department for chronic headaches, sight impairment, and a right eye proptosis evolving for a year and worsening over time without diplopia. The ocular examination of the right eye shows a visual acuity at 8/10 as well as a proptosis that is scaled grade I, axile, painful, non pulsatile and non reductible without any eye movement limitation. The right cornea suffered an exposure keratitis and the intraocular pressure was normal in both eyes (Figure 1). The right eye fund us showed no abnormalities; neither an optic nerve compression nor any choroid folds. A complete neurological examination was performed on the patient which was completely normal. The MRI scan shows a spheno orbital meningeal tumor highly in favor of an En plaque meningioma (Figure 2).The patient was admitted in the Neurosurgical department where she is to undergo a surgical resection followed by a spheno orbital reconstruction after getting the biopsy results.

Figure 1 Right eye proptosis.

Figure 2 MRI scan showing a spheno orbital meningeal tumor highly in favor of an en plaque meningioma.


The ectopic meningioma are defined to be tumors developing out of the meningeal layers.1 The speno-orbital region is known to be highly affected by these type of tumors.1,4,5 The incidence reported is of 1% to 2% of all meningeal tumors.4,5 In most cases , the patients suffering from an en-plaque meningioma present with a progressive and painless exophtalmia as well as a gradual loss of vision.1,2,4 In terms of histology , the en-plaque meningiomas are known to be benign tumors with a progressive growth rate.1 The MRI including T1 sequences with the injection of the Gadolinium is shown to be very useful is the diagnosis process of the en-plaque meningioma7,9 still the main diagnosis is histological. The differential diagnosis of en-plaque meningioma includes the fibrosis dysplasia and bone metastasis.1,2,6,5,7,10 The en-plaque meningioma requires a surgical treatment followed by external radiotherapy sessions.3,11,12 The follow up should include a regular neurological and ophthalmological examination as well as an annual MRI. The chances of a full recovery are shown to be very low if the initial visual acuity is low by the time of the diagnosis.3,9


The En plaque spheno orbital meningioma is a rare tumor, with a slow evolution responsible for mainly ocular symptoms. The surgical resection is the main treatment with high rates of recovery, however if the eyesight is initially severely reduced, the eye vision may recover unfully and thus the patient should be well informed about the poor results of the operation in this case.



Conflict of interest

Author declares that there is no conflict of interest.


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