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International Journal of
eISSN: 2573-2889

Molecular Biology: Open Access

Mini Review Volume 7 Issue 1

Comparative analysis of molecular techniques for the diagnosis of respiratory viruses: real time RT-PCR vs POCT system of the hospital Teodoro Maldonado carbo of Guayaquil

María Auxiliadora Alcívar-Castillo,1 Zeus Jair Pacheco-Issa,1 María Alejandra De La Cruz-Mora,1 Brenda Patricia López Ulloa,1 Eunice Eleonora Ordoñez-Enireb2

1Biotechnology Career, Grupo de Investigaciones en Aplicaciones Biotecnológicas (GIAB), Ecuador
2Hospital de Especialidades Teodoro Maldonado Carbo (HTMC), Ecuador

Correspondence: María Auxiliadora Alcívar-Castillo, Biotechnology Career, Grupo de Investigaciones en Aplicaciones Biotecnológicas (GIAB); Universidad Politécnica Salesiana, Campus Maria Auxiliadora, Guayaquil, Ecuador

Received: May 08, 2024 | Published: May 29, 2024

Citation: Alcívar-Castillo MA, Pacheco-Issa ZJ, De La Cruz-Mora MA, et al. Comparative analysis of molecular techniques for the diagnosis of respiratory viruses: real time RT-PCR vs POCT system of the hospital Teodoro Maldonado carbo of Guayaquil. Int J Mol Biol Open Access. 2024;7(1):78-79. DOI: 10.15406/ijmboa.2024.07.00173

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The scientific paper examines the comparative efficacy of two molecular diagnostic methods, RT-qPCR and the POCT System, in the detection of respiratory viruses in patient samples.1 RTqPCR, known for its high specificity, is compared with the POCT System, which offers fast and close-to-patient results, albeit with slightly lower specificity. The study highlights the importance of these methods in the early detection of pathogens, especially in critical situations where time is of the essence. It was found that both methods showed high reliability in virus detection, with specificity values between 80% and 100%. RT-qPCR exhibited an outstanding specificity of 100%, while the POCT system reached a value of 85.7%.2,3

Furthermore, the usefulness of the POCT System in resource-limited settings or in remote areas, where it can facilitate rapid detection of infectious diseases and longitudinal monitoring, is highlighted. This aspect is crucial in population and epidemiological studies, where agility in obtaining results can lead to a faster and more effective medical response.4 The article also discusses the incidence of positivity in different age groups, highlighting a high positivity in pediatric patients, especially in children under 5 years of age. However, a discrepancy is noted in comparison with other studies, particularly in relation to the severity of COVID-19 and its association with advanced age. This discrepancy is attributed to the specific characteristics of the population studied and the period of data collection. In summary, the article underscores the importance of RT-qPCR and the POCT System in the diagnosis of infectious diseases, highlighting their respective strengths and areas of application. Furthermore, it highlights the need for further research to validate and compare these methods in different clinical and population settings (Table 1). Research conducted in Ecuador has yielded significant results regarding the specificity of two important molecular diagnostic methods for respiratory viruses.8 With a focus on the POCT System and RT-qPCR, it has been confirmed with certainty that both tests are highly specific, with RT-qPCR being especially outstanding with a specificity of 100%, attributed to the precision of its specific primers for each virus detected.




Specificity: where "d" is the patient does not have the disease and the test is negative and "b" says the patient does not have the disease, but the test result is positive.

Specificity= D B+D Specificity= D sanos MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqkY=Mj0xXdbba91rFfpec8Eeeu0xXdbba9frFj0=OqFf ea0dXdd9vqaq=JfrVkFHe9pgea0dXdar=Jb9hs0dXdbPYxe9vr0=vr 0=vqpWqaaeaabiGaaiaacaqabeaadaqaaqaaaOabaeqabaacbmGaa8 3uaiaa=bhacaWFLbGaa83yaiaa=LgacaWFMbGaa8xAaiaa=ngacaWF PbGaa8hDaiaa=LhacaWF9aWaaSaaaeaacaWFebaabaGaa8Nqaiaa=T cacaWFebaaaaqaaiaa=nfacaWFWbGaa8xzaiaa=ngacaWFPbGaa8Nz aiaa=LgacaWFJbGaa8xAaiaa=rhacaWF5bGaa8xpamaalaaabaGaa8 hraaqaaiaa=nhacaWFHbGaa8NBaiaa=9gacaWFZbaaaaaaaa@5530@

Pértegas & Pita6

Bravo & Cruz7

Table 1 Specificity, variables and formula
Source: Bio-Rad Laboratories,5
Bravo and Cruz7 describe parameters to measure specificity.
True negative: patient without disease and negative test.
False positive: individual without disease with positive test.
Healthy: sum of true negatives and false positives.



Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.


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©2024 Alcívar-Castillo, et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.