eISSN: 2473-0815 EMIJ

Endocrinology & Metabolism International Journal
Volume 1 Issue 1 - 2014
Science and the General Populace, Our Patients and Our Politicians
Thomas P Knecht*
Clinical Endocrinologist, Wasatch Endocrinology, USA
Received: October 21, 2014 | Published: November 04, 2014
*Corresponding author: Thomas P Knecht, Clinical Endocrinologist, Wasatch Endocrinology, 3496 S 3610 E, Salt Lake City, UT 84109, USA, Tel: 801-450-2959; Email: @
Citation: Knecht TP (2014) Science and the General Populace, Our Patients and Our Politicians. Endocrinol Metab Int J 1(1): 00001. DOI: 10.15406/emij.2014.01.00001
Welcome to the inaugural issue of Endocrinology & Metabolism International Journal. We welcome you as colleagues with a shared passion for endocrinology and metabolism! You and I are members of a very fortunate and rarified group of physicians, scientists, physician scientists, and allied healthcare professionals. We are endocrinologists and the allied ranks who help care for endocrine patients, and as such, are among the most scientifically literate of all physicians and healthcare providers the 3 periods indeed, along with our colleagues in all the sciences, the most scientifically literate of all humans. Our knowledge of physiologic regulation, extracellular messengers, cell signaling, intracellular messengers, regulation of cell, tissue, and organ physiology, regulation of gene expression and cell/tissue function, analyte & fluid status, and pathophysiology of human disease related to all the above, etc., sets us in a unique and privileged position to diagnose, treat, and educate patients for the diverse set of endocrine & metabolic disease states we deal with as a group, we the endocrinologists.
We see many cases we have come to view as routine and simple (e.g., the diabetic, the hypothyroid, the needy patient with nothing wrong from an endocrine standpoint, etc.) but treat them just as vigorously and conscientiously as the rare and bizarre cases that captivate us and our attention, because our dedication to human health and well being stems from that li’l promise to our patients we took, called the Hippocratic Oath, upon joining the august intellectual and humanistic ranks of endocrinologists who came before us.
Most of our patients have come to us from a background with little or no scientific literacy, and come to us for help with one problem or another, whether physiologic/pathophysiologic in nature, psychological/psychiatric in nature, or some combination of the two distinct categories. Furthermore, they often come to us with their scientific illiteracy further scrambled by internet findings, and their inability to separate the wheat from the chaff among all that is found (right, wrong, applicable, and inapplicable) on the internet. I participate in an online physician group to which patients all over the world can write in and one of us USA-licensed physicians will respond to their questions for free. I find this very rewarding, but as this editorial will discuss, also very frustrating. My involvement in doing this, as well as my daily care of patients in my endocrine clinic, prompts me to write this editorial.
How many of you have encountered patients, acquaintances, family, friends, etc., who have asked you for the “natural” way to treat their endocrine disease? It’s as if there’s the natural way, a.k.a. the secret, right way, as opposed to the wrong, conspiratorial way that objective, scientific modern medicine promulgates? Nigh on 100% of you, I would wager, if I were a gambling man (which I am not…I’m a scientist, and as such know better than to bet against the house, given the rules are devised so that the house will win in the long run). I will call this magical thinking, for lack of a better term. Magical thinking is what makes people think they can bet against the house and win. Magical thinking is the headwind the human intellect faces when metaphorically running uphill against illogical, un- or anti-scientific thinking. Intellect has a difficult, nay impossible, time battling against magical thinking. We are accustomed to using logic, evidence, and reason to present a case or make a point; these are faculties distinctly lacking in magical thinkers. Magical thinking is a result of sociological failure that begins with each previous generation based on superstition, inertia, dogma not based on evidence, prejudice, and the societal basis for oppression of the under-educated. Magical thinking carries on at home, in many (most) schools, and in most workplaces, military forces, and government, to the detriment of society in general and our patients in particular. Magical thinking is a famous tool among the politician and corporate classes, for it can influence underling thinking and action. For example, the populace sees its leaders questioning the scientific validity of global climate change and of vaccination against disease, sees them promoting creationism, and saying things like the female body has the ability to “shut down pregnancy” in the case of rape. Scientific illiteracy stretches from the followers to the leaders across the full spectrum of society, only appearing to sidestep those of us trained in the sciences.
Many of the popular misconceptions among the non-scientifically literate seem to deal with a fundamental misunderstanding of the nature of the scientific process and scientific evidence, of treatments demonstrated to be effective and safe, of popular homeopathic potions shown to be neither safe nor effective, etc. To wit, I have been asked (to give but a few examples): what kind of fish can be used to treat hypothyroidism, how to treat everything under the sun with this or that “herbal preparation”, why I don’t know nearly as much as the homeopathic nurse practitioner in town who prescribes homeopathic compound X for this or that ailment, etc. Many patients are perfectly content to dump un-dosed quantities of anything and everything into their bodies they get recommended to them by a non-professional at a retail herbal or health food store, yet resist with a passion the use of medications shown to be safe and effective, prescribed by a trained professional with an understanding of physiology, pathophysiology, and pharmacology. Yes, there are biologically active compounds found throughout nature, some with marvelous clinical utility. But very few substances in nature (not one I can think of, in fact) have such a broad therapeutic window that by chewing or brewing, the substance will be at once therapeutic to some endpoint and nontoxic.
What is the answer? Dear and venerated colleagues, I wish I knew. We have worked very diligently to be given the honor, trust, and privilege of treating the sick. But with that, I think we also have the duty to educate them, especially as it regards their best interests. Not one of us has gotten where we are without some teaching skills. Not all of them will want to hear that their magical thinking is grossly flawed. Except in rare circumstances, we can only reach one at a time. Nevertheless, the populace of the world is grossly scientifically illiterate and magical thinking is pervasive in all societies. This ignorance of science hurts each of them individually and hurts society as a whole. Scientific literacy is the only thing that can ultimately overcome magical thinking. A scientifically literate world population would more likely make the realities of wars, environmental destruction, and biological extinctions unpopular or even unacceptable, and such a populace would vote accordingly. Human health would assume a higher priority, and the military-industrial, law enforcement-industrial, and prison system-industrial complexes a lower priority, and humankind would benefit directly. In addition to treating their illness, we must make it our goal to educate our patients about the science, mechanism, and treatment of their disease to foster logic and reason, and the acceptance of scientifically objective reality in our patients. Peace and happiness to you all in 2015, and welcome to EMIJ
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