Level of quality of life and health self-care in university students of health sciences at the National University of Villa María

June 20, 2022 Epidemiology & Public Health No Comments

The purpose of this study is the analysis of self – perceived quality of life and self-care of
university students in their first years of Health Sciences Degrees at Instituto Académico
Pedagógico de Ciencias Humanas (IAPCH) – National University of Villa María (UNVM).
Methods: An observational, descriptive and correlational, cross-sectional design was
implemented to conduct this study. It involved all the students in the first three years of
the Medicine and Occupational Therapy degrees, with an estimated total of 280 students.
The socio-demographics considered were: age, gender, origin and level of education of
the immediate family members (father, mother and brother/sister). The Quality of Life
assessment was carried out based on the SF-36 and the self-care assessment was performed
according to the “Appraisal of the Capacity for Self-Care Agency Scale”.
Results: Regarding quality of life, the Physical Component Summary (PCS) is higher than
the Mental Component Summary (MCS) and with regard to the analysis based on gender,
men revealed a higher perceived quality of life in both the physical and mental aspects.
Women revealed a lower perceived quality of life regarding their physical functioning,
emotional role, vitality, mental health, social role, bodily pain and general health. The
analysis of self – care capacity showed that the total score in men and women corresponds
to a medium level of self-care capacity, however, the highest proportion, in men as well as
in women, was found in the category of low self-care capacity.
Conclusion: the highest scores obtained for perceived quality of life regarding the physical
and mental aspects were associated to the highest scores obtained for self- care.

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