eISSN: 2373-6367 PPIJ

Pharmacy & Pharmacology International Journal
Volume 4 Issue 1

Pharmaceutical forms preparation and drugs prescription: building an international system to meet the cultural aspects

1Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of the Chinese Academy of Sciences & Yunnan Province, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
2Kunming College of Life Science, China
3University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Received: January 28, 2016 | Published: February 04, 2016

Correspondence: Abdelaziz Ghanemi, Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of the Chinese Academy of Sciences & Yunnan Province, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China, Email

Citation: Ghanemi A. Pharmaceutical forms preparation and drugs prescription: building an international system to meet the cultural aspects. Pharm Pharmacol Int J. 2016;4(1):314‒315. DOI: 10.15406/ppij.2016.04.00064


With the globalization and the emerging concepts of both international prescriptions1 and international drugs markets,2 we have an increase in the statistics of drugs flow and exchange worldwide with drugs markets occupying an important place within the international trade of a modern world with different cultures.3 Herein “cultures” refers to the life styles, religions, ethical convictions and other way of thinking or convictions that might influence the individuals’ choices in term of food and beverage.

Cultural factors couldeither limit on influence both the trade exchange between countries and the drug consumption by some patients. Indeed, some individuals (or even countries) have religious principles,4 are vegetarians5 or have philosophic or political convictions and thus, do not consume some items such as some types of animal products or certain types of beverages.Therefore, such individuals would not consume drugs that are made of or contain elements (excipient, additives, aroma) derived from those products such patients do not consume. For instance, a vegetarian would probably not consume medicines containing animal gelatin and some individuals belonging to some religions would void pharmaceutical preparations containing alcohol. For the same reasons, some countries would not import selected drugs due the “contradictions” between the local culture and the drugs compositions.

This problem has been relatively solved for food,6 beverage and even cosmetics. In fact, in the supermarkets and stores we might find a variety of products that meet the requirements of vegetarian or the conditions established by some religions so that the concerned individuals can without any problem have a product certified conform to their cultural requirements. Implementing the same procedures and regulations for the drugs and pharmaceutical preparations could solve this problem at the therapeutic level. Practically, local, national, regional and international organizations representing the cultural and religious associations and groups; in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) can provide lists of the products that their followers can consume so that the pharmaceutical firms and drugs producers can consider such lists during the drugs preparation process. After products are made (including drugs prepared from natural resources)7‒9 a note is written to specify that these products meet the conditions and are conform to the requirements of a specific culture orreligion. Importantly, the same drugs can be prepared with more than one type of product such as preparing the same capsules in two versions, one using animal gelatin and in the other type using a non-animal gelatin. This can easily be done (although it might coast more). In this example, substitute exist (synthetic gelatin). Therefore, we do not need to change methods or components of specific drugs but it is possible to make the same drugs using elements from different sources yet, meet the cultural needs and requirements so to increase the chance that all patients belonging to a culture, a religion or having some convictions (vegetarian) can found the required therapies that have nothing contradictory with their cultures, religions and life styles. Herein, it is worth mentioning that if a drug is exported from a country to another county and accompanied by a translation of the product information, such translation should include details about the cultural aspects of the product and not only the scientific information.

To globalize these concepts and practices, pharmaceutical firms could also present the compositions of their products to a branch of WHO/government/organization to confirmwhether or not such drugs can beconsumed by patients with specific cultural requirements.After that the firm can write statements mentioning that the products meet the requirements of specific “culture/religion” convictions.Since all patients have the right todrugs and therapies regardless of their cultures, religions, believes or convictions; and based on the right of free choices,10 “adapting” drugs productions process and drugs prescription to cultural needs remains a necessity rather than an option.


Abdelaziz Ghanemi is a recipient of a 2013 CAS-TWAS President’s Postgraduate Fellowship.

Conflict of interest

Author declares that there is no conflict of interest.


©2016 Ghanemi. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.
© 2014-2019 MedCrave Group, All rights reserved. No part of this content may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means as per the standard guidelines of fair use.
Creative Commons License Open Access by MedCrave Group is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at https://medcraveonline.com
Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version | Opera |Privacy Policy